Farm Diversity Spreads Risk

Lazenby diversified his operation by adding an event barn. Photo Credit: Lazenby Farms
Lazenby diversified his operation by adding an event barn. Photo Credit: Lazenby Farms

AUBURN, Ala.— Producers make farm diversification an important part of their farm business plans because diversification helps spread the risks that come from production agriculture.

Diversification helps to increase the producer’s profits and reduce their risks.

What is Diversification?

Ken Kelley, a regional farm and agribusiness management agent with the Alabama Cooperative Extension System said that diversification is  “the attempt to capture market gains and reduce risk by having multiple enterprise opportunities as part of my business plan.”

Farm diversity is important because it spreads the risk of crop failures and market fluctuations over multiple enterprises said Kelley.

Ben Ingram row crop producer in Lee County, Ala, said that raising one crop is not a good idea because it puts the producer at the mercy of that one particular.

Ingram began diversifying his operation when the peanut quota program dissolved. This allowed him to expand his cotton production to peanuts.

Mitch Lazenby, producer in Auburn, Ala., currently has an extensive row crop program, a cow-calf operation, a bull development program and hosts different agritourism events.

Lazenby makes farm diversifity a priority.

He said that diversification helps him to stay ahead of the curve and be relevant in agriculture.

The Cotton Pickin' Pumpkin Patch is held every fall at Lazenby Farms. Photo Credit: Mary Kendall Dixon
The Cotton Pickin’ Pumpkin Patch is held every fall at Lazenby Farms. Photo Credit: Mary Kendall Dixon

Lazenby said that most producers have a primary enterprise, such as row crops. Diversifying is smart because it will supplement the income generated from the primary enterprise.

If the row crop production brings in 75 percent of the producer’s annual income, adding agritourism should add an additional 25 percent.

Best Ways to Diversify

Continue reading Farm Diversity Spreads Risk

Thawing Your Thanksgiving Turkey

 

AUBURN, Ala. — With Thanksgiving Day quickly approaching, one of the biggest problems cooks face is how to properly thaw their turkey.

It is important to know how to properly thaw a turkey to prevent any bacterial growth. Photo Credit Food Network
It is important to know how to properly thaw a turkey to prevent any bacterial growth. Photo Credit Food Network

An improperly thawed bird can result in not just a partially thawed bird but also creates food safety issues.

Janet Johnson, regional Extension agent in food safety and quality with the Alabama Cooperative Extension System, has a few quick and easy steps to ensure a properly thawed turkey.

When to Begin Thawing the Turkey

When to buy and when to start thawing the turkey is different for fresh and frozen birds.

  • Buy fresh turkeys no earlier than one or two days before Thanksgiving.
  • Keep it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator on a tray to catch any meat juices
  • For a frozen bird, allow 24 hours for every 5 pounds to thaw.
  • It can take longer for it to thaw in the refrigerator if the refrigerator is full and the temperature is below 40 degrees.
  • Do not start thawing it more than one or two days before cooking.
  • Do not let it sit on the counter at room temperature for hours in cool or warm water.

The Best Ways to Thaw the Bird

According to Johnson, there are several different ways to properly thaw the turkey.

  • Purchase the turkey early enough to allow for proper thawing in the refrigerator

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    Buy the turkey early enough in advance to ensure it thaws properly. Photo Credit Google.
  • Leave the bird in the package and place in a shallow pan and run cold water over the turkey.
  • Another option is to place the packaged turkey in a container of cold water, but you must remember to change the water out every 30 minutes.
  • Always use cold water because this prevents dangerous bacteria from growing.

The best way to ensure proper thawing is to use correct thawing methods which take time and consideration said Johnson.

Food Safety Problems

Thanksgiving cooks should always be aware of possible food safety problems when they are preparing the turkey.

Johnson warns cooks to beware of the temperature danger zone, which is between 41 and 135 degrees F.

  • Dangerous bacteria grows if the turkey is not thawed properly.

    Always check the internal temperature of the turkey to ensure it has reached the proper temperature. Photo Credit Google
    Always check the internal temperature of the turkey to ensure it has reached the proper temperature. Photo Credit Google
  • Cooking the frozen turkey in a slow oven, at a temperature of 325 degrees or lower, will cause bacteria to grow.
  • Setting the oven at a lower temperature and letting a frozen or partially thawed bird cook longer will put it in the temperature danger zone.
  • Some bacteria grows rapidly and produces heat resistant toxins during the temperature danger zone.
  • Cross contamination between raw and cooked foods can cause food

Avoid Food Illness

Food illnesses can easily be prevented by making sure the turkey is prepared properly and work spaces are clean.

  • Thaw the turkey completely before you begin to cook it.
  • The internal temperature of the bird must reach 165 degrees to make sure all the bacteria is killed.
  • Always check the internal temperature with a calibrated thermometer and do not rely on the “pop-up” thermometer.

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    To prevent cross contamination, always wash hands, cook spaces and utensils. Photo Credit CDC.
  • Wash all work spaces, utensils and hands before starting and once they come in contact with raw meat to prevent cross contamination.
  • Cold foods must be kept at a temperature of 41 degrees or lower to prevent bacterial growth.
  • Hots foods must be at a temperature of 135 degrees or higher to keep bacteria from growing.

 

With Thanksgiving Day quickly approaching, cooks should be aware of how to properly thaw the turkey to ensure a delicious bird that is free of harmful bacteria.